The objective of this report is to explore the opportunities and challenges online voting presents for participation and governance in Indigenous communities across Canada. Using a community-engaged research approach, the report draws on the experiences of three First Nations: Tsuut’ina Nation, Wasauksing First Nation, and Nipissing First Nation. Overall, the report finds that online voting is appealing to First Nations as a way to enhance participation, self-determination and governance. In particular, it can serve as a tool to improve voting accessibility and engagement for citizens living off-reserve.


Gabel, Chelsea and Nicole Goodman. 2021. ‘Indigenous Experiences with Online Voting”, Report submitted to the Department of Indigenous Affairs and Northern Development (INAC), July 2019 (104 pages). 

Click on the link below to download the full report. Click here to download the Executive Summary.

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